General Introduction of Rajasthan- About Rajasthan

When was Rajasthan formed?

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Chhattisgarh was formed from Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000 and from that day Rajasthan became the largest state of the country. Rajasthan is the largest state of our country in terms of area.

What is the total population of Rajasthan?

The total population of Rajasthan in 2011 was 68,548,437 which is 5.67 percent of the country’s population.

What is the total area of ​​Rajasthan?

In terms of area, Rajasthan is compared to five times that of Sri Lanka, three times that of Czechoslovakia, seventeen times that of Israel and more than twice that of England. Rajasthan is only slightly smaller than Japan.

The total area of ​​Rajasthan is 3,42,239 sq. km. Is. Which is 10.41 percent of the country.

What is the Capital of Rajasthan ?

Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan which was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II on November 18, 1727.

Greater Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949 after the merger of four major princely states – Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner. Since then 30 March is celebrated as ‘Rajasthan Day’.

On 26 January 1950, the name of this state was formally accepted as Rajasthan.

The first Rajpramukh of the state became Maharaja Sawai Mansingh of Jaipur and the first Prime Minister (Chief Minister) Shri Hiralal Shastri. After the general elections held in 1952, Shri Tikaram Paliwal became the first elected Chief Minister.

After the reorganization of the state on 1 November 1956, the post of Rajpramukh was abolished and the post of Governor was created. Sardar Gurmukh Nihal Singh became the first Governor of the state (Chief Minister Shri Mohanlal Sukhadia).

In the Vedic period, in the Rigveda, Rajasthan is called ‘Brahmavarta’ and in the Ramayana, Valmiki has called the state of Rajasthan as ‘Marukantar’.

The earliest use of the word Rajasthan is found in the inscription of Vasantgarh (Sirohi) inscribed in ‘Rajasthaniyaditya’ v Samvat 682. After that the word Rajasthan has been used in the fame and Rajrupak of Muhnot Nainsi. But this word is not used for this part of Rajputana.

In 1800 AD, George Thomas, a resident of Arland, gave the name of ‘Rajputana’ for this part of Rajasthan. This point is mentioned in William Franklin’s book “Military Memoirs Of Mr. George Thomas” arrives.

Colonel James Tod called this state “Raithan” because in local literature and colloquial the province of residence of the kings was called ‘Raithan’. In the 19th century, Colonel James Tod used the word Rajasthan in his book “Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan”. Another name for this book is “The Central and Western Rajput States of India”.

The Hindi translation of this book was done for the first time by the famous historian of Rajasthan, Gaurishankar Hirachand Ojha. It is called “Analysis of Ancient Rajasthan” in Hindi. Colonel James Tod was a political agent in the Mewar (Udaipur) province between 1818–1821. He wrote history while sitting on his horse, hence Colonel James Dod is also known as Ghode Wala Baba.

Rajasthan ‘Spot where there is Kings’ or ‘Detect that is known for Kingdom’ is India’s most prominent state by area. The state organized on northwest piece of nation and is a home of social grouping. Its parts join the leftover pieces of Indus Valley Civilization, Temples, Forts and Fortresses in basically every city. Rajasthan distributed into 9 districts; Ajmer State, Hadoti, Dhundhar, Gorwar, Shekhawati, Mewar, Marwar, Vagad and Mewat which are additionally wealthy in its legacy and inventive obligation.

These regions have an identical history which obliges that of the state. A world legacy site, Keoladeo National Park close to Bharatpur, known for its bird life. Adjacent to this state has two public tiger holds unequivocally Ranthambore National Park at Sawai Madhopur and Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar. The State was illustrated on 30th March 1949 when Rajputana – name as taken on by British Crown was met into the Dominion of India. Jaipur being most noteworthy city was pronounced as capital of the state.

The early history of Rajasthan wires a piece of the remarkable Maharanas, Nawabs and Rulers. Clear among them were Prithiviraj Chouhan, Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (regardless called Hemu), Mughal Emperor Akbar, Maharana Udai Singh, Maharana Pratap, Raja Maan Singh and others. Rajasthan’s some time back free areas energized a rich basic and social legacy; same can be seen today in various posts and distinguished homes, which are redesigned by part of Muslim and Jain Architecture.

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